Facial contact dermatitis caused by cosmetic-relevant allergens

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

Background
Facial allergic contact dermatitis caused by cosmetic products is common. New allergens in cosmetics continuously emerge.
Objectives
To investigate characteristics of patients with facial dermatitis between 2010–2019 including patch test results from cosmetic-related allergens and a new test series with cosmetic-relevant natural ingredients (CRNIs).
Methods
A retrospective study analyzing demographics, clinical characteristics according to MOAHLFA, and patch test results to 27 cosmetic-relevant allergens in facial dermatitis patients. A prospective study evaluating a screening test series with CRNIs in consecutive facial dermatitis patients for one year. These patients received a questionnaire for collecting extra characteristics e.g. concerning quality of life.
Results
Of 8740 tested patients, 2292 (26.2 had facial dermatitis. Of these, 30.6induced facial dermatitis. The most common cosmetic-related allergens were fragrances and preservatives. The most common patch test positive CRNIs were hydroperoxides of limonene and linalool, and propolis. Potato and peanut were rare, but the most common prick test positive CRNIs, however without any relation to the use of cosmetic products. Facial dermatitis affected nearly all patients′ quality of life and caused limitations to their daily life.
Conclusion
Updated management and quick diagnosis of facial dermatitis is important to avoid negative impact on patients′ quality of life. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftContact Dermatitis
ISSN0105-1873
DOI
StatusAccepteret/In press - 5 sep. 2021

ID: 279650017